Social Psychology & Motivation

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Publications in press

Publications in press

  • Oettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (Eds.) (in press). Self-regulation in adolescence. New York: Cambridge Press.
  • Oettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (Eds.) (in press). Self-regulation: Principles and tools. In G. Oettingen & P. M. Gollwitzer (Eds.), Self-regulation in adolescence. New York: Cambridge Press.
  • Gollwitzer, P. M., Martiny-Huenger, T., & Oettingen, G. (in press). Affective con-sequences of intentional action control. Advances in Motivation Science.
  • Thürmer, J. L., Wieber, F., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (in press). A self-regulation perspective on hidden profile problems: If-then planning to review information improves group decisions. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making.
  • Gollwitzer, P. M. (in press). Setting one’s mind on action: Planning out goal striving in advance. In R. Scott & S. Kosslyn (Eds.), Emerging trends in the social and behavioral sciences. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
  • Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (in press). From studying the determinants of action to analyzing its regulation. Health Psychology Review.
  • Martiny-Huenger, T., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (in press). Selective attention to in- and outgroup members systematically influences intergroup bias. Social Psychological and Personality Science.
  • Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (in press). Motivation and action. In J. Wright (Ed.), International encyclopedia of social and behvaioral sciences. Oxford, UK: Elsevier.
  • Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (in press). Motivation, History of the concept. In J. Wright (Ed.), International encyclopedia of social and behvaioral sciences. Oxford, UK: Elsevier.
  • Thürmer, J. L., Wieber, F., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (in press). Planning high performance: Can groups and teams benefit from implementation intentions? In M. D. Mumford & M. Frese (Eds.), The psychology of planning in organizations: Research and applications. New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Janczyk, M., Dambacher, M., Bieleke, M., & Gollwitzer, P. M. in press). The benefit of no choice: Goal-directed plans enhance perceptual processing. Psychological Research.
  • Martiny-Huenger, T., Martiny, S. E., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (in press). Action control by if-then planning: Explicating the mechanisms of strategic automaticity in regard to objective and subjective agency. In B. Eitam & P. Haggard (Eds.), Human agency: Functions and mechanisms. New York: Oxford University Press.

Publications 2014

Publications 2014

  • PDF download Martiny-Huenger, T., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2014). Selective attention to in- and outgroup members systematically influences intergroup bias. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5, 936-943.
  • PDF downloadBüttner, O. B., Wieber, F., Schulz, A. M., Bayer, U. C., Florack, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2014). Visual attention and goal pursuit: Deliberative and implemental mindsets affect breadth of attention. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40, 1248-1259
  • PDF downloadMaglio, S. J., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen. G. (2014). Emotion and control in the planning of goals. Motivation and Emotion, 38, 620-634
  • PDF downloadBraver, T. S., Krug, M. K., Chiew, K. S., Kool, W., et al., Gollwitzer, P. M., et al. (2014). Mechanisms of motivation-cognition interaction: challenges and opportunities. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 14, 443-472
  • PDF downloadOettingen, G., Ahn, J. T., Gollwitzer, P. M., Kappes, A., & Kawada, C. L. K. (in press). Goal projection and giving help. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 54, 204-214
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M. (2014) Weakness of the will: Is a quick fix possible? Motivation and Emotion, 38, 305-322.
  • Gantman, A., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2014). Mindful mindlessness in goal pursuit (pp.236-257). In A. Ie, C. D. Ngnoumen, & E. J. Langer (Eds.), The Wiley-Blackwell handbook of mindfulness. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • PDF downloadMartiny-Huenger, T., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2014). Distractor devaluation in a flanker task: Object-specific effects without distractor recognition memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 40, 613–625.
  • PDF downloadWieber, F., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Sheeran, P. (2014). Strategic regulation of mimicry effects by implementation intentions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 53, 31-39.
  • PDF downloadWieber, F. ,Sezer, L.A. , & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2014). Asking "why" helps action control by goals but not plans. Motivation and Emotion, 38, 65-78.
  • PDF downloadLongoni, C., Gollwitzer. P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2014). A green paradox: Validating green choices has ironic effects on behavior, cognition, and perception. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 50, 158-165.

Publications 2013

Publications 2013

  • PDF downloadAchtziger, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2013). Automotive Modell. In M. Wirtz (Hrsg.), Dorsch - Lexikon der Psychologie. Bern: Hans Huber Verlag.
  • PDF downloadAchtziger, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2013). Bewusstseinslage. In M. Wirtz (Hrsg.), Dorsch - Lexikon der Psychologie. Bern: Hans Huber Verlag.
  • PDF download Achtziger, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2013). Intentionstheoretischer Ansatz. In M. Wirtz (Hrsg.), Dorsch - Lexikon der Psychologie. Bern: Hans Huber Verlag.
  • PDF download Achtziger, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2013). Motivation. In M. Wirtz (Hrsg.), Dorsch - Lexikon der Psychologie. Bern: Hans Huber Verlag.
  • PDF download Achtziger, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2013). Rubikonmodell der Handlungsphasen. In M. Wirtz (Hrsg.), Dorsch - Lexikon der Psychologie. Bern: Hans Huber Verlag.
  • PDF download Achtziger, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2013). Volition. In M. Wirtz (Hrsg.), Dorsch - Lexikon der Psychologie. Bern: Hans Huber Verlag.
  • PDF download Gawrilow, C., Morgenroth, K., Schultz, R., Oettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2013). Mental contrasting with implementation intentions enhances self-regulation of goal pursuit in schoolchildren at risk for ADHD. Motivation and Emotion, 37, 134–145.
  • Gollwitzer, P. M., Gantman, A., & Oettingen, G. (2013). Intention, social psychology of. In B. Kaldis (Ed.), Encyclopedia of philosophy and the social sciences. (Vol. 9, pp. 492-493). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
  • PDF download Gollwitzer, P. M., Marquardt, M. K., Scherer, M., & Fujita, K. (2013). Identity-goal threats: Engaging in distinct compensatory efforts. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 4, 555-562.
  • PDF download Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2013). Implementation Intentions. In M. Gellman & J. R. Turner (Eds.), In Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine, (pp. 1043-1048). New York: Springer Verlag.
  • PDF download Kirk, D., Oettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2013). Promoting integrative bargaining: mental contrasting with implementation intentions. International Journal of Conflict Management, 24, 148-165.
  • PDF download Maglio, S. J., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2013). Action control by implementation intentions: The role of discrete emotions. In A. Clark, J. Kiverstein, & T. Vierkant (Eds.), Decomposing the will (pp. 221-243). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • PDF download Oettingen, G., Wittchen, M., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2013) Regulating goal pursuit through mental contrasting with implementation intentions. In A. E. Locke & G. Latham (Eds.), New developments in goal setting and task performance (pp. 523-548). New York, NY: Routledge.
  • PDF download Schweiger Gallo, I., Cohen, A.-L., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2013). Neurophysiological correlates of the self-regulation of goal pursuit. In P. A. Hall (Ed.), Social neuroscience and public health (pp. 19-33). New York: Springer Verlag.
  • PDF download Seebaß, G., Schmitz, M., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (Eds.). (2013). Acting intentionally and its limits: Individuals, groups, institutions. Berlin: De Gruyter.
  • PDF download Sheeran, P., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Bargh, J. A. (2013). Nonconscious processes and health. Health Psychology, 32, 460-473
  • PDF download Sheeran, P., Harris, P., Vaughan, J., Oettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P.M. (2013). Gone Exercising: Mental contrasting promotes physical activity among overweight, middle-aged, low-SES fishermen. Health Psychology, 32, 802-809.
  • PDF download Stern, C., Cole, S., Gollwitzer, P. M., Oettingen, G., & Balcetis, E. (2013). Effects of implementation intentions on anxiety, perceived proximity, and motor performance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39, 623-635.
  • PDF download Thürmer, J. L., McCrea, S. M., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2013) Regulating self-defensiveness: If-Then plans prevent claiming and creating performance handicaps. Motivation and Emotion, 37, 712-725.
  • PDF download Wieber, F., Thürmer, J. L., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2013). Intentional action control in individuals and groups. In G. Seebaß, M. Schmitz, & P. M. Gollwitzer (Eds.), Acting intentionally and its limits: Individuals, groups, institutions (pp. 133-162). Berlin: DeGruyter.

Publications 2012

Publications 2012

  • PDF downloadAchtziger, A., Bayer, U. C., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2012). Committing to implementation intentions: Attention and memory effects for selected situational cues. Motivation and Emotion, 36, 287-300.
  • PDF download Achtziger, A., Martiny, S. E., Oettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2012). Metacognitive processes in the self-regulation of goal pursuit. In P. Brinol & K. G. DeMarree (Eds.), Social metacognition (pp. 121-139). New York: Psychology Press.
  • PDF download Cohen, A-L., Jaudas, A., Hirschhorn, E., Sobin, Y., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2012). The specificity of prospective memory costs. Memory, 20, 848-864.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M. (2012). Mindset theory of action phases. In P. Van Lange, A.W. Kruglanski, & E. T. Higgins (Eds.), Handbook of theories of social psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 526-545). London: Sage Publication
  • PDF download Gollwitzer, P. M. & Oettingen, G. (2012). Goal pursuit. In R. M. Ryan (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of human motivation (pp. 208-231). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • PDF downloadNenkov, G. Y., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2012). Pre- versus postdecisional deliberation and goal commitment: The positive effects of defensiveness. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 106-121.
  • PDF download Oettingen, G., Marquardt, M. K.,& Gollwitzer, P. M. (2012). Mental contrasting turns positive feedback on creative potential into successful performance. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 990-996.
  • PDF downloadSchweiger Gallo, I., McCulloch, K. C., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2012). Differential effects of various types of implementation intentions on the regulation of disgust. Social Cognition, 30, 1-17.
  • PDF download Schweiger Gallo, I., Pfau, F.,& Gollwitzer, P. M. (2012). Furnishing hypnotic instructions with implementation intentions enhances hypnotic responsiveness. Consciousness and Cognition, 21, 1023-1030.
  • PDF download Webb, T. L., Schweiger Gallo, I., Miles, E., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Sheeran, P. (2012). Effective regulation of affect: An action control perspective on emotion regulation. European Review of Social Psychology, 23, 143-186.
  • PDF download Webb, T. L., Sheeran, P., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Trötschel, R. (2012). Strategic control over the unhelpful effects of primed social categories and goals. Journal of Psychology, 220, 187-193.
  • PDF download Wieber, F., Thürmer, J. L., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2012). Collective action control by goals and plans: Applying a self-regulation perspective to group performance. American Journal of Psychology, 125, 275-290.

Publications 2011

Publications 2011

  • PDF downloadAdriaanse, M. A., Gollwitzer, P. M., de Ridder, D. T. D., de Wit, J. B. F., & Kroese, F. M. (2011). Breaking habits with implementation intentions: A test of underlying processes. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37, 502-512.
  • PDF download Brandstätter, V., Achtziger, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2011). Motivation und Volition. In A. Schütz, H. Selg, M. Brand, & S. Lautenbacher (Hrsg.), Psychologie. Eine Einführung in ihre Grundlagen und Anwendungsfelder (S. 173-188). Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.
  • PDF download Duckworth, A. L., Grant, H., Loew, B., Oettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2011). Self-regulation strategies improve self-discipline in adolescents: Benefits of mental contrasting and implementation intentions. Educational Psychology, 31, 17-26.
  • PDF download Gawrilow, C., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2011). If-then plans benefit delay of gratification performance in children with and without ADHD. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 35, 442-455.
  • PDF download Gawrilow, C., Gollwitzer, P. M.& Oettingen, G. (2011). If-then plans benefit executive functions in children with ADHD. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 30, 615-645.
  • PDF download Gollwitzer, P. M., Barry, H., & Oettingen, G. (2011). Needs and incentives as sources of goals. In H. Aarts & A. Elliot (Eds.), Goal-directed behavior (pp.115-149). New York: Psychology Press.
  • PDF download Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2011). Planning promotes goal striving. In K. D. Vohs & R. F. Baumeister (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications. (2nd Ed., pp. 162-185.). New York, London: The Guilford Press.
  • PDF download Gollwitzer, P. M., Sheeran, P., Trötschel, R., & Webb, T. (2011). Self-regulation of priming effects on behavior. Psychological Science, 22, 901-907.
  • PDF download Kirk, D., Gollwitzer, P. M., Carnevale, P. J. (2011). Self-regulation in ultimatum bargaining: Goals and plans help accepting unfair but profitable offers. Social Cognition, 29, 528-546.
  • PDF download Kirk, D., Oettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2011). Mental contrasting promotes integrative bargaining. International Journal of Conflict Management, 22, 324-341.
  • PDF download Martiny-Hünger, T., Thürmer, J. L., Issa, M., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2011). Über die Unterstützung reflektiver Verhaltensdeterminanten. Psychologische Rundschau, 62, 179-187.
  • PDF download Trötschel, R., Hüffmeier, J., Loschelder, D. D, Schwartz, K., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2011). Perspective taking as a means to overcome motivational barriers in negotiations: When putting oneself into the opponent's shoes helps to walk toward agreements. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, 771-790.
  • PDF download Wieber, F., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Seebaß, G. (2011). Limits of intentionality. Social Psychology, 42, 4-8.
  • PDF download Wieber, F., von Suchodoletz, A., Heikamp, T., Trommsdorff, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2011). If-then planning helps school-aged children to ignore attractive distractions. Social Psychology, 42, 39-47.

Publications 2010

Publications 2010

  • PDF downloadAchtziger, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2010). Motivation und Volition im Handlungsverlauf. In J. Heckhausen & H. Heckhausen (Eds.), Motivation und Handeln (4th ed., pp. 309-335). Berlin: Springer Verlag.
  • PDF downloadAchtziger, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2010). Motivation and volition in the course of action. In J. Heckhausen & H. Heckhausen (Eds.), Motivation and action (2nd Edition, pp. 275-299). New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • PDF downloadAdriaanse, M. A., Oettingen, G., Gollwitzer, P. M., Hennes, E. P., de Ridder, D. T. D., & de Wit, J. B. F. (2010). When planning is not enough: Fighting unhealthy snacking habits by mental contrasting with implementation intentions (MCII). European Journal of Social Psychology, 40, 1277-1293.
  • PDF downloadBargh, J. A., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2010). Motivation. In S. Fiske, D. Gilbert, & G. Lindzey (Eds.),Handbook of Social Psychology (5th ed., pp. 268-316). New York: Wiley.
  • PDF downloadBayer, U. C., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Achtziger, A. (2010). Staying on track: Planned goal striving is protected from disruptive internal states. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 505–514.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., Gawrilow, C., & Oettingen, G. (2010). The power of planning: Self-control by effective goal-striving. In R. R. Hassin, K. N. Ochsner, & Y. Trope (Eds.), Self control in society, mind, and brain (pp. 279-296). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., Wieber, F., Meyers, A. L., & McCrea, S. M. (2010). How to maximize implementation intention effects. In C. R. Agnew, D. E. Carlston, W. G. Graziano, J. R. Kelly (Eds.), Then a miracle occurs: Focusing on behavior in social psychological theory and research (pp.137-161). New York: Oxford Press.
  • PDF downloadMendoza, S. A., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Amodio, D. M. (2010). Reducing the expression of implicit stereotypes: Reflexive control through implementation intentions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36, 512-523.
  • PDF downloadOettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2010). Strategies of setting and implementaing goals: Mental contrasting and implementation intentions. In J. E. Maddux & J. P. Tangney (Eds.), Social psychological foundations of clinical psychology (pp. 114-135). New York: Guilford.
  • PDF downloadParks-Stamm, E. J., Oettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2010). Making sense of one’s actions in an explanatory vacuum: The interpretation of nonconscious goal striving. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 531–542.
  • PDF downloadParks-Stamm, E. J., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2010). Implementation intentions and test anxiety: Shielding academic performance from distraction. Learning and Individual Differences, 20, 30-33.
  • PDF downloadStadler, G., Oettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2010). Intervention effects of information and self-regulation on eating fruits and vegetables over two years. Health Psychology, 29, 274-283.
  • PDF downloadWieber, F., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2010). Overcoming procrastination through planning. In C. Andreou & M. D. White (Eds.), The thief of time: Philosophical essays on procrastination (pp. 185-205). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • PDF downloadWieber, F., Odenthal, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2010). Self-efficacy feelings moderate implementation intention effects. Self and Identity, 9, 177-194.

Publications 2009

Publications 2009

  • PDF downloadAchtziger, A., Fehr, T., Oettingen, G., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Rockstroh, B. (2009). Strategies of intention formation are reflected in continuous MEG activity. Social Neuroscience, 4, 11-27.
  • PDF downloadAchtziger, A. & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2009). Rubikonmodell der Handlungsphasen [Rubicon model of action phases]. In V. Brandstätter, & J. H. Otto (Eds.), Handbuch der Allgemeinen Psychologie: Motivation und Emotion (pp. 150-156). Göttingen: Hogrefe.
  • PDF downloadAchtziger, A. & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2009). Automotiv-Theorie [Automotive theory]. In V. Brandstätter & J. H. Otto, (Eds.), Handbuch der Allgemeinen Psychologie: Motivation und Emotion (pp. 204-208). Göttingen: Hogrefe.
  • PDF downloadAchtziger, A. & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2009). Intentionstheoretischer Ansatz [Intentional action control]. In V. Brandstätter & J. H. Otto (Eds.), Handbuch der Allgemeinen Psychologie: Motivation und Emotion (pp. 209-214). Göttingen: Hogrefe.
  • PDF downloadBayer, U. C., Achtziger, A., Gollwitzer, P. M. & Moskowitz, G. (2009). Responding to subliminal cues: Do if-then plans cause action preparation and initiation without conscious intent? Social Cognition, 27, 183-201.
  • PDF downloadFaude-Koivisto, T., & Gollwitzer, P.M. (2009). Wenn-Dann Pläne: eine effektive Planungsstrategie aus der Motivationspsychologie. In B. Birgmeier (Eds.), Coachingwissen. Denn sie wissen nicht, was sie tun? (pp. 207-225). Wiesbaden: GWV.
  • PDF downloadFaude-Koivisto, T., & Würz, D., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2009). Implementation intentions: The mental representations and cognitive procedures of IF-THEN planning. In W. Klein & K. Markman (Eds.), The handbook of imagination and mental simulation (pp. 69-86). New York: Guilford.
  • PDF downloadGilbert, S., Gollwitzer, P. M., Cohen, A-L., Oettingen, G., & Burgess, P. W. (2009). Separable brain systems supporting cued versus self-initiated realization of delayed intentions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 35, 905-915.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P.M. (2009). La Ténacité Flexible dans la Poursuite des Buts Personnels [Flexible Tenacity in Personal Goal Pursuit]. Revue québécoise de psychologie, 30, 31-45.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., Parks-Stamm, E. J., & Oettingen, G. (2009). Living on the edge: Shifting between nonconscious and conscious goal pursuit. In Morsella, E., Bargh, J. A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Human Action (pp. 603 - 624). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., & Sheeran, P. (2009). Self-regulation of consumer decision making and behavior: The role of implementation intentions. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 19, 593-607.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., Sheeran, P., Michalski, V., & Seifert, A. E. (2009). When intentions go public: Does social reality widen the intention-behavior gap? Psychological Science, 20, 612-618.
  • PDF downloadOettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2009). Making goal pursuit effective: Expectancy-dependent goal setting and planned goal striving. In J. P. Forgas, R. Baumeister, & D. M. Tice (Eds.), The psychology of self-regulation: Cognitive, affective, and motivational processes (pp. 127-146). Philadelphia: Psychology Press.
  • PDF downloadOettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2009). Embodied goal pursuit. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39, 1210–1213.
  • PDF downloadParks-Stamm, E. J., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2009). Goal implementation: The benefits and costs of IF-THEN planning. In H. Grant & G. B. Moskowitz (Eds.), The big book of goals (pp. 362 - 391). New York: Guilford.
  • PDF downloadSchweiger Gallo, I., Keil, A., McCulloch, K. C., Rockstroh, B., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2009). Strategic automation of emotion regulation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96, 11-31.
  • PDF downloadSchweiger Gallo, I., Miguel, J., Rodriguezmonter, M., Alvaro, J., Gollwitzer, P.M. (2009). Efectos de las intenciones sobre la salud (Effects of implementation intentions on health interventions). Revista de Psicología Social, 2009, 24, 413-426.
  • PDF downloadStadler, G., Oettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2009). Physical activity in women. Effects of a self-regulation intervention. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 36, 29-34.
  • PDF downloadSuchodoletz, A. v., Trommsdorff, G., Heikamp, T., Wieber, F., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2009). Transition to school: The role of kindergarten children's behavior regulation. Learning and Individual Differences, 19, 561-566.

Publications 2008

Publications 2008

  • PDF downloadAchtziger, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2008). Motivation and volition during the course of action. In J. Heckhausen & H. Heckhausen (Eds.), Motivation and action (pp. 272-295). London: Cambridge University Press.
  • PDF downloadAchtziger, A., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Sheeran, P. (2008). Implementation intentions and shielding goal striving from unwanted thoughts and feelings. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 381-393.
  • PDF downloadCohen, A. L., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2008). The cost of remembering to remember: Cognitive load and implementation intentions influence ongoing task performance. In M. Kliegel, M. A. McDaniel, & G. O. Einstein (Eds.), Prospective memory: Cognitive, neuroscience, developmental, and applied perspectives (pp. 367–390). New York: Taylor & Francis Group/Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • PDF downloadCohen, A.- L., Jaudas, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2008). Number of cues influences the cost of remembering to remember. Memory & Cognition, 36, 149-156.
  • PDF downloadCohen, A.-L., Bayer, U. C., Jaudas, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2008). Self-regulatory strategy and executive control: Implementation intentions modulate task switching and Simon task performance. Psychological Research, 72, 12-26.
  • PDF downloadGawrilow, C., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2008). Implementation intentions facilitate response inhibition in ADHD children. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 32, 261-280.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., & Cohen, A.-L. (2008). Commentary: Goals and the intentions meant to fulfill them. In M. Kliegel, M. A. McDaniel, & G. O. Einstein (Eds.), Prospective memory: Cognitive, neuroscience, developmental, and applied perspectives (pp. 433- 440). New York: Taylor & Francis Group/Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2008). The question-behavior effect from an action control perspective. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 18, 107-110.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., Parks-Stamm, E. J., Jaudas, A., & Sheeran, P. (2008). Flexible tenacity in goal pursuit. In J. Shah & W. Gardner (Eds.), Handbook of motivation science (pp. 325-341). New York: Guilford Press.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., & Sheeran, P. (2008) Implementation intentions. In Health behavior constructs: Theory, measurement and research. Cancer control and population sciences. National Institutes of Health: National Cancer Institute.
  • PDF downloadHenderson, M. D., de Liver, Y., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2008). The effects of implemental mindset on attitude strength. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94, 396-411.
  • PDF downloadHirt, E. R., Devers, E. E., McCrea, S. M. (2008). I want to be creative: Exploring the role of hedonic contingency theory in the positive mood-cognitive flexibility link. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94, 214-230.
  • PDF downloadMcCrea, S. M. (2008). Self-handicapping, excuse-making, and counterfactual thinking: Consequences for self-esteem and future motivation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 274-292.
  • PDF downloadMcCrea, S. M., Hirt, E. R., Hendrix, K. L., Milner, B.J., & Steele, N. L. (2008). The Worker scale: Developing a measure to explain gender differences in behavioral self-handicapping. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 949-970.
  • PDF downloadMcCrea, S. M., & Hirt, E. R., & Milner, B. J. (2008). She works hard for the money: Valuing effort underlies gender differences in behavioral self-handicapping. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 292-311.
  • PDF downloadOettingen, G., Sevincer, A. T., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2008). Goal pursuit in the context of culture. In R. Sorrentino, & S. Yamaguchi (Eds.), The handbook of motivation and cognition across cultures (pp. 191-211). San Diego: Elsevier/Academic Press.

Publications 2007

Publications 2007

  • PDF downloadAchtziger, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2007). Rubicon model of action phases. In R. F. Baumeister & K. D. Vohs (Eds.), Encyclopedia of social psychology, Vol. 2 (pp. 769-771). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • PDF downloadBayer, C., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2007). Boosting scholastic test scores by willpower: The role of implementation intentions. Self and Identity, 6, 1-19.
  • PDF downloadFujita, K., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2007). Mindsets and preconscious open-mindedness to incidental information. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 48-61.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2007). The role of goal setting and goal striving in medical adherence. In D. C. Park & L. L. Liu (Eds.), Medical Adherence and Aging. Social and cognitive perspectives (pp. 23-47). Washington, D. C.: American Psychological Association.
  • PDF downloadHenderson, M. D., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2007). Implementation intentions and disengagement from a failing course of action. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 20, 81-102.
  • PDF downloadLiberman, N., Trope, Y., McCrea, S. M., & Sherman, S. J. (2007). The effect of level of construal on the temporal distance of activity enactment. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 143-149.
  • PDF downloadMcCrea, S. M. (2007). Group and self-protective biases in counterfactual thinking. European Journal of Social Psychology, 37, 1256-1271.
  • PDF downloadParks-Stamm, E. J., Achtziger, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2007). Implementation intentions. In R. F. Baumeister & K. D. Vohs (Eds.), Encyclopedia of social psychology, Vol. 1 (pp. 461-463). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • PDF downloadParks-Stamm, E., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2007). Action control by implementation intentions: Effective cue detection and efficient response initiation. Social Cognition, 25, 248-266.
  • PDF downloadPaul, I., Gawrilow, C., Zech, F., Gollwitzer, P. M., Rockstroh, B., Odenthal, G., Kratzer, W., & Wienbruch, C. (2007). If-then planning modulates the P300 in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Neuro Report 18, 653-657.
  • PDF downloadPerkins, M. B., Jensen, P. S., Jaccard, J., Gollwitzer, P. M., Oettingen, G., Pappadopulos, E., & Hoagwood, K. E. (2007). Applying theory-driven approaches to understanding and modifying clinicians' behavior: What do we know? Psychiatric Services, 58, 342-348.
  • PDF downloadSchweiger Gallo, I., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2007). Implementation intentions: A look back at fifteen years of progress. Psicothema, 19, 37-42.
  • PDF downloadSchweiger Gallo, I., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2007). Implementation intentions: Control of fear despite cognitive load. Psicothema, 19, 280-285.
  • PDF downloadTrötschel, R., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2007). Implementation intentions and the willful pursuit of prosocial goals in negotiations. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 579-598.

Publications 2006

Publications 2006

  • PDF download Achtziger, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2006). Motivation und Volition im Handlungsverlauf (pp. 277-302). In J. Heckhausen & H. Heckhausen (Eds.), Motivation und Handeln. Berlin: Springer Verlag.
  • PDF downloadCohen, A.-L., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2006). If-then plans and the intentional control of thoughts, feelings, and action. In N. Sebanz & W. Prinz (Eds.), Disorders of volition (pp. 151-172). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M. (2006). Open questions in implementation intention research. Social Psychological Review, 8, 14-18.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M. (2006). Successful goal pursuit. In Q. Jing, H. Zhang, & K. Zhang (Eds.), Psychological science around the world (Vol. 1, pp. 143-159). Philadelphia: Psychology Press.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., & Sheeran, P. (2006). Implementation intentions and goal achievement: A meta-analysis of effects and processes. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 38, 69-119.
  • PDF downloadOettingen, G., Grant, H., Smith, P. K., Skinner, M., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2006). Nonconscious goal pursuit: Acting in an explanatory vacuum. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 42, 668-675.
  • PDF downloadSheeran, P., Webb, T. L., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2006). Implementation intentions: Strategic automatisation of goal striving. In D. T. M. de Ridder & J. B. F. de Wit (Eds.), Self-regulation in health behavior (pp. 121-145). London: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
  • PDF downloadStadler, G., Oettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2006). Selbstregulierte Umsetzung von Verhaltensstandards im Längsschnitt: Eine Interventionsstudie (pp. 113-137). In F. Eder, A. Gatsgaer, & F. Hofmann (Eds.), Qualität durch Standards? Münster: Waxmann Verlag.
  • PDF downloadWieber, F., & Sassenberg, K. (2006). I can’t take my eyes off of it – Attention attraction effects of implementation intentions. Social Cognition, 24, 723-752.

Publications 2005

Publications 2005

  • PDF download Bayer, U. C., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2005). Mindset effects on information search in self-evaluation. European Journal of Social Psychology, 35, 1-15.
  • PDF downloadBrandstätter, V., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2005). Motivation und Volition. In A. Schütz, H. Selg, & S. Lautenbacher (Eds.), Psychologie. Eine Einführung in ihre Grundlagen und Anwendungsfelder (Vol. 3, pp. 201-216). Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., & Bargh, J. A. (2005). Automaticity in goal pursuit. In A. Elliot & C. Dweck (Eds.), Handbook of competence and motivation (pp. 624-646). New York: Guilford.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., Bayer, U., & McCulloch, K. (2005). The control of the unwanted. In R. Hassin, J. Uleman, & J. A. Bargh (Eds.), The new unconscious (pp. 485-515). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • PDF downloadSheeran, P., Webb, T. L., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2005). The interplay between goal intentions and implementation intentions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31, 87-98.
  • PDF downloadSassenberg, K. & Wieber, F. (2005). Don't ignore the other half - The impact of ingroup identification on implicit measures of prejudice. European Journal of Social Psychology, 35, 621-632.
  • PDF downloadSheeran, P., Milne, S., Webb, T. L., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2005). Implementation intentions and health behaviour. In M. Conner & P. Norman (Eds.), Predicting health behaviour. Research and practice with social cognition models (2nd Ed., pp. 276-323). Berkshire, UK: Open University Press.
  • PDF downloadStadler, G., Oettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P.M. (2005). Gesundheit beginnt im Kopf. Von der Phantasie zum Ziel zum gesunden Lebensstil. In H. Thomas (Ed.), Selbstregulation von Gesundheitsverhalten (pp. 1-39). Hamburg: Deutsche Angestellten Krankenkasse.

Publications 2004

Publications 2004

  • PDF downloadAarts, H., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Hassin, R. (2004). Goal contagion: Perceiving is for pursuing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87, 23-37.
  • PDF downloadCrawford, M. T., & McCrea, S. M. (2004). When mutations meet motivations: Attitudes bias counterfactual thought. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40, 65-74.
  • PDF downloadFreitas, A. L., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Trope, Y. (2004). The influence of abstract and concrete mindsets on anticipating and guiding others' self-regulatory efforts. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40, 739-752.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., Fujita, K., & Oettingen, G. (2004). Planning and the implementation of goals. In R. F. Baumeister & K. D. Vohs (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications (pp. 211-228). New York: Guilford Press.
  • PDF downloadKawada, C., Oettingen, G., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Bargh, J. A. (2004). The projection of implicit and explicit goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 545-559.
  • PDF downloadOettingen, G., Bulgarella, C., Henderson, M., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2004). The self-regulation of goal pursuit. In R. A. Wright, J. Greenberg, & S. S. Brehm (Eds.), Motivational analysis of social behavior: Building on Jack Brehm's contributions to psychology (pp. 225-244). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
  • PDF downloadTrötschel, R., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2004). Verhandlungsführung – psychologische Grundlagen. In G. Sommer & A. Fuchs (Eds.), Lehrbuch Konflikt- und Friedenspsychologie (pp. 158-177). Weinheim: Verlagsgruppe Beltz – Psychologische Verlags Union.

Publications 2003

Publications 2003

  • PDF downloadBayer, U. C., Ferguson, M. J., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2003). Voluntary action from the perspective of social-personality psychology. In S. Maasen, W. Prinz & G. Roth (Eds.), Voluntary action: An issue at the interface of nature and culture (pp. 86-107). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M. (2003). Why we thought that action mindsets affect illusions of control. Psychological Inquiry, 14, 259-267.
  • PDF downloadHirt, E. R., McCrea, S. M., & Boris, H. I. (2003). "I know you self-handicapped last exam": Gender differences in reactions to self-handicapping. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 177-193.
  • PDF downloadOettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2003). Self-regulation and conflict resolution. In A. Nadler & M. Dajani (Eds.), Social and psychological factors in conflict and its resolution: The Mid-eastern and European experience. Brussels: European Commission.

Publications 2002

Publications 2002

  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2002). History of the concept of motivation. In J. Smelser & P. B. Baltes (Eds.). International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences (pp. 10109-10112). Oxford, U.K.: Elsevier Science.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2002). The psychology of motivation and action. In J. Smelser & P. B. Baltes (Eds.). International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences (pp. 10105-10109). Oxford, U.K.: Elsevier Science.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., Bayer, U., & Wicklund, R. A. (2002). Das handelnde Selbst: Symbolische Selbstergaenzung als zielgerichtete Selbstverwirklichung. In D. Frey (Ed.), Theorien der Sozialpsychologie (pp. 191-212). Bern: Huber.
  • PDF downloadOettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2002). Self-regulation and goal pursuit: Turning hope thoughts into behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 13, 304-307.
  • PDF downloadOettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2002). Theorien der modernen Zielpsychologie. In D. Frey (Ed.), Theorien der Sozialpsychologie (pp. 51-74). Bern: Huber.

Publications 2001

Publications 2001

  • PDF downloadBargh, J. A., Gollwitzer, P. M., Chai, A. L., Barndollar, K., & Trötschel, R. (2001). Automated will: Nonconscious activation and pursuit of behavioral goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 1014-1027.
  • PDF downloadBrandstaetter, V., Lengfelder, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2001). Implementation intentions and efficient action initiation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 946-960.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., & Schaal, B. (2001). How goals and plans affect action. In J. M. Collis & S. Messick (Eds.), Intelligence and personality: Bridging the gap in theory and measurement (pp.139-161). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
  • PDF downloadLengfelder, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2001). Reflective and reflexive action control in frontal lobe patients. Neuropsychology, 15, 80-100.
  • PDF downloadMcCrea, S. M., & Hirt, E. R. (2001). The role of ability judgments in self-handicapping. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 1378-1389.
  • PDF downloadOettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2001). Goal setting and goal striving (pp.329-347). In A. Tesser & N. Schwarz (Eds.), The Blackwell Handbook of Social Psychology. Oxford: Blackwell.

Publications 2000

Publications 2000

  • PDF downloadBayer, U., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2000). Selbst und Zielstreben. In W. Greve (Ed.), Psychologie des Selbst (pp. 208-225). Weinheim: PVU.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M. (2000). Goals (pp. 501-502). Volition (pp. 210-214). In A. E. Kazdin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology. Washington, D. C.: American Psychological Association.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., Delius, J. D., & Oettingen, G. (2000). Motivation. In K. Pawlik & M. Rosenzweig (Eds.), International encyclopedia of psychology (pp.191-206). Thousand Oaks: Sage.
  • PDF downloadHirt, E. R., & McCrea, S. M. (2000). Beyond hedonism: Broadening the scope of affect regulation. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 180-183.
  • PDF downloadHirt, E. R., McCrea, S. M., & Kimble, C. R. (2000). Public self-focus and sex differences in behavioral self-handicapping: Does increasing self-threat still make it "just a man's game?" Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 1131-1141.
  • PDF downloadOettingen, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2000). Das Setzen und Verwirklichen von Zielen. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 208, 406-430.
  • PDF downloadOettingen, G., Hoenig, G., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2000). Effective self-regulation of goal attainment. International Journal of Educational Research, 33, 705-732.
  • PDF downloadSchaal, B., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2000). Planen und Zielverwirklichung: Die Bedeutung antizipierter Zukunft beim Widerstehen befuerchteter Versuchungen. In J. Moeller & B. Strauss (Eds.), Psychologie der Zukunft (pp. 149-170). Goettingen: Hogrefe.

Publications 1999

Publications 1999

  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M. (1999). Implementation intentions: Strong effects of simple plans. American Psychologist, 54, 493-503.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., & Bayer, U. (1999). Deliberative versus implemental mindsets in the control of action. In S. Chaiken & Y. Trope (Eds.), Dual-process theories in social psychology (pp. 403-422). New York: Guilford.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., Bayer, U., & Lengfelder A. (1999). Von der Intention zum Handeln: Die Erkenntnisse der Wuerzburger Schule aus heutiger Sicht. In W. Schneider & J. Hoffmann (Eds.), Hundert Jahre Würzburger Schule der Denkpsychologie. Institut für Psychologie: Erträge einer internationalen Fachkonferenz (pp. 327-349). Goettingen: Hogrefe.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., Bayer, U., Scherer, M., & Seifert, A. E. (1999). A motivational-volitional perspective on identity development. In J. Brandtstaetter & R. M. Lerner (Eds.), Action and self-development: Theory and research through the life-span (pp. 283-314). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., & Rohloff, U. B. (1999). The speed of goal pursuit. In R. S. Wyer (Ed.), Advances in Social cognition (Vol. 12, pp. 147-159). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
  • PDF downloadMoskowitz, G. B., Gollwitzer, P. M., Wasel, W., & Schaal, B. (1999). Preconscious control of stereotype activation through chronic egalitarian goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 167-184.
  • PDF downloadRohloff, U. B., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (1999). Reaktive Anspannungssteigerung und Geschwindigkeit in der Zielverfolgung. In L. Tent (Ed.), Heinrich Dueker. Ein Leben für die Psychologie und für eine gerechte Gesellschaft (Vol.1, pp. 305-327). Lengerich: Pabst.
  • PDF downloadWade, T. J., & McCrea, S. M. (1999). Intrasexual competition and contrast effects on men's self-ratings of attractiveness and social ascendancy. Status, physical fitness or looks? Psychology, Evolution and Gender, 1, 229-243.

Publications 1998

Publications 1998

  • PDF downloadde Vries, P., van Vught C., Fokkema, A., Aarts, H., Dijksterhuis, A., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (1998). De verhouding tussen gewoonegedrag en gepland gedrag. In D. van Knippenberg, C. de Dreu, C. Martijn & C. Rutte (Eds.), Fundamentele sociale psychologie (Deel 12). Tilburg: Tilburg University Press.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., & Kirchhof, O. (1998). The willful pursuit of identity. In J. Heckhausen & C. S. Dweck (Eds.), Life-span perspectives on motivation and control (pp. 389-423). New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (1998). The emergence and implementation of health goals. Psychology and Health, 13, 687-715.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., & Schaal, B. (1998). Metacognition in action: The importance of implementation intentions. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2, 124-136.

Publications 1997

Publications 1997

  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M. (1997). The history of the concept of goals. In R. Fuller (Ed.), A century of psychology (pp. 224-240). London: Routledge.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., & Brandstaetter, V. (1997). Implementation intentions and effective goal pursuit. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, 186-199.
  • PDF downloadWasel, W., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (1997). Willentliche Kontrolle der "automatischen" Stereotypaktivierung: Die Rolle subliminaler vs. supraliminaler Stimulusdarbietung. Sprache und Kognition, 16, 198-210.

Publications 1996

Publications 1996

  • Brandstaetter, V., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (1996).
  • Motivation (pp. 411-413).
  • Wille (p. 798).
  • Leistungsmotiv (p. 360).
  • In G. Strube, B. Becker, C. Freska, U. Hahn, G. Palm & K. Opwis (Hrsg.). Woerterbuch der Kognitionwissenschaft. Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta.
  • PDF downloadBrunstein, J. C., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (1996). Effects of failure on subsequent performance: The importance of self-defining goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 395-407.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M. (1996). The volitional benefits of planning. In P. M. Gollwitzer & J. Bargh (Eds.), The psychology of action: Linking cognition and motivation to behavior (pp. 287-312). New York: Guilford Press.
  • PDF downloadUlich, D., Brandstaetter, V., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (1996). Emotion, Motivation und Volition. In D. Doerner & H. Selg (Eds.), Psychologie. Eine Einführung in ihre Grundlagen und Anwendungsfelder (pp. 115-131). Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.

Publications 1995

Publications 1995

  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M. (1995). Das Rubikonmodell der Handlungsphasen. In J. Kuhl & H. Heckhausen (Hrsg.), Enzyklopaedie der Psychologie. Teilband C/IV/4: Motivation, Volition und Handlung (S. 531-582). Goettingen: Hogrefe.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., & Brandstaetter, V. (1995). Motivation. In A. S. R. Manstead & M. Hewstone (Eds.), Blackwell Encyclopedia of Social Behavior (pp. 397-403). Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., & Liu, C. (1995). Wiederaufnahme. In J. Kuhl & H. Heckhausen (Eds.), Enzyklopädie der Psychologie. Teilband C/IV/4: Motivation, Volition und Handlung (pp. 209-240). Goettingen: Hogrefe.
  • PDF downloadGollwitzer, P. M., & Malzacher, J. (1995). Absichten und Vorsaetze. In J. Kuhl & H. Heckhausen (Eds.), Enzyklopädie der Psychologie. Teilband C/IV/4: Motivation, Volition und Handlung (pp. 427-468). Goettingen: Hogrefe.
  • PDF downloadTaylor, S. E., & Gollwitzer, P. M. (1995). Effects of mindset on positive illusions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 213-226.