International Mental Health

Nachhaltige und angepasste Behandlungsstrategien zur Wiederherstellung psychischer Gesundheit bei vertriebenen Somali: Vorbereitung einer multizentrischen Behandlungsstudie

Etwa 30% der Bevölkerung Somalias lebt als Vertriebene im eigenen Land oder in Nachbarländern ohne Gesundheitsversorgung. Die psychiatrische Belastung dieser Gruppe ist laut WHO überdurchschnittlich. Trotz des Fortschritts in der gemeindenahen psychiatrischen Versorgung in Low Income Countries finden diese Konzepte in Somalia bislang kaum Anwendung.

In dieser Maßnahme werden an die spezifische Situation angepasste Konzepte integrativer und gemeindenaher psychiatrischer Versorgung entwickelt und deren Anwendbarkeit in Pilotstudien getestet, zum Einsatz im Land selbst und für somalische Flüchtlinge in benachbarten Ländern. Dies erfolgt unter Berücksichtigung spezieller Bedingungen in der Zielgruppe: vor allem hohe Prävalenz traumatischer Stressbelastung (Krieg, Hungersnot, Flucht) und exzessiven Khatkonsums (catha edulis, eine Substanz mit amphetaminähnlichen Inhaltsstoffen) und dessen Folgen.


Wissenschaftliche Beiträge zu internationalen Konferenzen

  • Odenwald, M., Widmann, M., Ndetei, D. (2014). Psychological treatment of khat abuse and dependence: a pilot study in Nairobi. Paper presented at Jimma-Minnesota International Symposium on Mental Health and Substance Abuse, Jimma, Ethiopia, 17-19.02. 2014. http://khatresearch.org/JIMIS/
  • Widmann, M., Mikulica, J., von Beust, J., Ndetei, D., al’Absi, M., Odenwald, M. (2014). Psychotic symptoms and khat abuse in Somali refugees in Nairobi. Paper presented at Jimma-Minnesota International Symposium on Mental Health and Substance Abuse, Jimma, Ethiopia, 17-19.02. 2014. http://khatresearch.org/JIMIS/
  • Odenwald, M. (2014). Psychotherapeutic treatment for severe khat (catha edulis) misuse and dependence: the cultural adaptation and evaluation of western treatment approaches. Paper presented at the 27. Fachkonferenz der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Ethomedizin, Global Mental Health: Mental Health in Africa, Asia and Latin America from an anthropologic and cultural psychiatric point of view; Heidelberg, Germany, 27.-29.06.2014. www.agem-ethnomedizin.de/index.php/tagung-aktuell-the-actual-meeting-in-vorbereitung-in-preparationy.html

Wissenschaftliche Publikationen

  • Widmann M., Warsame A.H., Mikulica J., von Beust J., Isse M.M., Ndetei D., al’Absi M. and Odenwald M.G. (2014). Khat use, PTSD and psychotic symptoms among Somali refugees in Nairobi – a pilot study. Front. Public Health 2:71. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2014.00071.
  • Odenwald, M., Widmann, M., Ndetei, D. (2014). Psychological treatment of khat abuse and dependence: a pilot study in Nairobi. Paper presented at Jimma-Minnesota International Symposium on Mental Health and Substance Abuse, Jimma, Ethiopia, 17-19.02. 2014. http://khatresearch.org/JIMIS/
  • Widmann, M., Mikulica, J., von Beust, J., Ndetei, D., al’Absi, M., Odenwald, M. (2014). Psychotic symptoms and khat abuse in Somali refugees in Nairobi. Paper presented at Jimma-Minnesota International Symposium on Mental Health and Substance Abuse, Jimma, Ethiopia, 17-19.02. 2014. http://khatresearch.org/JIMIS/
  • Odenwald, M. (2014). Psychotherapeutic treatment for severe khat (catha edulis) misuse and dependence: the cultural adaptation and evaluation of western treatment approaches. Paper presented at the 27. Fachkonferenz der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Ethomedizin, Global Mental Health: Mental Health in Africa, Asia and Latin America from an anthropologic and cultural psychiatric point of view; Heidelberg, Germany, 27.-29.06.2014. www.agem-ethnomedizin.de/index.php/tagung-aktuell-the-actual-meeting-in-vorbereitung-in-preparationy.html
  • Odenwald, M. (2014). Excessive khat use patterns, their correlated and psychiatric consequences. Paper presented at the 6th international symposium „Global Mental Health – Mental Health in Developing Cointries“, organized by the Center for International health of the Ludwig-Maximilian-University, Munich. Munich, Germany, 08.11.2014. http://www.international-health.uni-muenchen.de/index.html
  • Odenwald. M. (2015). Introduction on khat use and abuse: magnitude oft he problem. Paper presented at the Inter-country  on strengthening the public health response to substance use. WHO Eastern Mediterranian Regional Office.  Cairo, 14 -16.03.2015. http://applications.emro.who.int/docs/IC_Meet_Rep_2015_EN_16309.pdf?ua=1
  • Odenwald, M. (2015). Impact of khat use on severe menatl disorders: evidence treatment and policy implications. Cairo, 14 -16.03.2015. Paper presented at the Inter-country  on strengthening the public health response to substance use. WHO Eastern Mediterranian Regional Office. http://applications.emro.who.int/docs/IC_Meet_Rep_2015_EN_16309.pdf?ua=1
  • Widmann, M., Veltrup, C., Apondi, B., Warsame, A.H., Musau, A., Ndetei, D., Isse, M.M., Musyimi, C., Mutiso, V. & Odenwald, M. (2015). Brief Intervention to reduce khat consumption: Do clients with PTSD show smaller effects? Paper presented at the 14th Conference of the European Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ESTSS), “Trauma in Changing societies: social contexts and clinical practice”. Vilnius, Lithuania, 10-13.06.2015. http://estss2015.eu
  • Apondi, B., Widmann, M., Musau, A., Warsame, A.H., Isse, M.M., Ndetei, D., Veltrup, C., Musyimi, C., Mutiso, V. & Odenwald, M. (2015). Additional substance use among Somali refugees in Kenya who chew khat: Comparison of ASSIST results between groups with and without PTSD. Paper presented at the 14th Conference of the European Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ESTSS), “Trauma in Changing societies: social contexts and clinical practice”. Vilnius, Lithuania, 10-13.06.2015. http://estss2015.eu
  • Musau, A., Veltrup, C., Warsame, A.H., Isse, M.M., Widmann, M., Ndetei, D., Musyimi, C., Mutiso, V. & Odenwald, M. (2015). Developing an integrated treatment for PTSD and khat dependence: results from a case series among Somali refugees. Paper presented at the 14th Conference of the European Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ESTSS), “Trauma in Changing societies: social contexts and clinical practice”. Vilnius, Lithuania, 10-13.06.2015. http://estss2015.eu