Selected Publications

Traumatic stress studies

  • DeQuervain DJ, Kolassa I, Ertl V, Onyut PL, Neuner F, Elbert T, Papassotiropoulos A (2007). A deletion variant of the ?2b-adrenoceptor is related to emotional memory in Europeans and Africans. Nature Neuroscience. 1137-1139.
  • Elbert T, Rockstroh B, Kolassa I, Schauer M, Neuner F (2006). The Influence of Organized Violence and Terror on Brain and Mind – a Co-Constructive Perspective. In: Lifespan Development and the Brain: The perspective of Biocultural Co-Constructivism, Eds : P. Baltes, P. Reuter-Lorenz and F. Rösler. Cambridge University Press. 326-349.
  • Elbert T, Schauer M, Schauer E, Huschka B, Hirth M, Neuner F (2007). Trauma-related impairment in children – an epidemiological survey in Sri Lankan provinces affected by two decades of civil war and unrest. Child Abuse & Neglect (in press). Elbert T., Schauer, M. (2002). Psychological trauma: Burnt into memory. Nature. 419, 883.
  • Kolassa IT, Elbert T (2007). Structural and functional neuroplasticity in relation to traumatic stress. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 16, 326-329.
  • Kolassa IT, Wienbruch C, Neuner F, Schauer M, Ruf M, Odenwald M, Elbert T (2007). Altered oscillatory brain dynamics after repeated traumatic stress. BMC Psychiatry. 7-56.
  • Miller G, Elbert T, Rockstroh B (2005). Judging psychiatric disorders in refugees. The Lancet. 366,1604-1605.
  • Neuner F, Elbert T (2007). The mental health disaster in conflict settings: Can scientific research help? BMC Public Health. 7-275.
  • Neuner F, Schauer E, Catani C, Ruf M, Elbert T (2006). Post-Tsunami stress: A study of posttraumatic stress disorder in children living in three severely affected regions in Sri Lanka. J. Traumatic Stress. 19, 339-47.
  • Neuner, F., Schauer, M., Karunakara, U., Klaschik, C., Robert C., Elbert, T. (2004). Psychological trauma and evidence for enhanced vulnerability for PTSD through previous trauma in West Nile refugees. BMC Psychiatry. 4(1), 34.
  • Ray WJ, Odenwald M, Neuner F, Schauer M, Ruf M, Rockstroh B, and Elbert T (2006). Decoupling neural networks from reality: Dissociative experiences in torture victims are reflected in abnormal brain waves in left frontal cortex, Psychological Science. 17, 825-829.
  • Schaal S, Elbert T (2006). Ten years after the genocide: Trauma confrontation and posttraumatic stress in Rwandan adolescents. J. Traumatic Stress. 19, 95-105. 

Narrative Exposure Therapy

  • Bichescu D, Neuner F, Schauer M, Elbert T (2007). Narrative Exposure Therapy of political imprisonment-related chronic trauma-spectrum disorders. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 45, 2212-2220.
  • Neuner, F., Schauer, M., Klaschik, C., Karunakara, U., Elbert, T. (2004). A comparison of narrative exposure therapy, supportive counseling, and psychoeducation for treating posttraumatic stress disorder in an African refugee settlement. J Consult Clin Psychol. 72(4), 579-587.
  • Ruf M, Schauer M, Neuner F, Schauer E, Catani C, Elbert, T (2007). KIDNET- Narrative Expositionstherapie für Kinder. In: Landolt M, Hensel T (Hrsg.). Trauma-therapie mit Kindern. Göttingen: Hogrefe. 84-110.
  • Schauer M, Elbert T, Neuner F (2007). Interaktion von Neurowissenschaftlichen Erkenntnissen und Psychotherapeutischen Einsichten am Beispiel von traumatischem Stress und dessen Behandlung mittels Narrativer Expositionstherapie. In: Becker, H.-P. Wunderlich (Hrsg.) Thieme-Verlag.
  • Schaal S, Elbert T, Neuner F (2008). Narrative Exposure Therapy versus group Interpersonal Psychotherapy – a controlled clinical trial with orphaned survivors of the Rwandan genocide. 


  • Dohrmann K, Elbert T, Schlee W, Weisz N (2007). Tuning the tinnitus percept by modification of synchronous brain activity. Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience. 25, 371-378.
  • Weisz N, Moratti S, Meinzer M, Dohrmann K, Elbert T (2005). Tinnitus perception and distress is related to abnormal spontaneous brain activity as measured by magnetoencephalography. PLoS Med. 2(6), e15.
  • Weisz N, Müller S, Schlee W, Dohrmann K, Hartmann T., Elbert T (2007). The neural code of auditory phantom perception. J. Neuroscience. 27, 1479-148.
  • Weisz N, Wienbruch C, Dohrmann K, Elbert T (2005). Neuromagnetic indicators of auditory cortical reorganization of tinnitus. Brain. 128(11), 2722-2731.


  • Löw A, Rockstroh B, Elbert T, Silberman Y, Bentin S (2006). Disordered semantic representation in schizophrenic temporal cortex revealed by neuromagnetic response patterns. BMC Psychiatry. 6-23.
  • Odenwald M, Neuner F, Schauer M, Elbert T, Catani C, Lingenfelder B, Hinkel H, Häfner H, Rockstroh B (2005). Khat use as risk factor for psychotic disorders: A cross-sectional and case-control study in Somalia BMC Medicine. 3-5.
  • Odenwald M, Hinkel H, Schauer E Neuner F, Schauer M, Elbert T, Rockstroh B (2007). Self-reported khat use and opinion about drug consumption among active armed forces and militia personnel in Somalia: a cross-sectional study. PLOS Medicine (in press).    


  • Elbert T, Rockstroh B (2004). Reorganization of human cerebral cortex: the range of changes following use and injury. The Neuroscientist. 10, 2, 129-141.
  • Elbert T., Heim, S. (2001). Cortical Reorganization, a light and a dark side. Nature. 411, 139.
  • Meinzer M, Elbert T, Djundja D, Taub E, Rockstroh B (2007). Extending the Constraint-Induced Therapy approach to cognitive functions: Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT) of chronic aphasia. NeuroRehabilitation. 22(4), 311-318.
  • Meinzer M, Elbert T, Wienbruch C, Djundja D, Barthel G, and Rockstroh B (2004). Intensive language training enhances brain plasticity in chronic aphasia. BMC Biology. 2-20.
  • Taub, E, Urswatte, G, Elbert, T (2002). New treatments in neurorehabilitation founded on basic research. Nature Reviews Neuroscience. 3, 228-236.

Brain Imaging

  • Gratton G, Fabiani M, Elbert T, Rockstroh B (2003). Seeing right through you: Applications of optical imaging to the study of the human brain. Psychophysiology. 40, 487-491.
  • Jaillon F, Li J, Dietsche G, Elbert T, Gisler T (2007). Activity of the human visual cortex measured non-invasively by diffusing-wave spectroscopy. Optics Express. 15, 6643-6650.
  • Li J, Dietsche G, Skipetrov SE, Maret G, Elbert T, Rockstroh B, Gisler T (2005). Non-invasive detection of functional brain activity with Near-Infrared Diffusing-Wave Spectroscopy. Journal of Biomedical Optics. 10 (4) 44002, 1-12.
  • Miller GA, Elbert T, Sutton BP, Heller W (2007). Innovative clinical assessment technologies: Challenges and opportunities in neuroimaging. Psychological Assessment. 19(1), 58-73.

Citation Classics

  • Elbert T, Pantev C, Wienbruch C, Rockstroh B, Taub E (1995). Increased use of the left hand in string players associated with increased cortical representation of the fingers. Science. 270, 305-307.
  • Flor H, Elbert T, Wienbruch C, Pantev C, Knecht S, Birbaumer N, Larbig W, Taub E (1995). Phantom limb pain as a perceptual correlate of massive cortical reorganization in upper limb amputees. Nature. 375, 482-484.
  • Elbert T, Ray WJ, Kowalik ZBJ, Skinner JE, Graf, KE, Birbaumer N (1994). Chaos and Physiology: Deterministic Chaos in excitable cell assemblies, Physiological Reviews. 74, 1-47.
  • Pantev C, Bertrand O, Eulitz C, Verkindt C, Hampson S, Schuirer G, Elbert T (1995). Specific tonotopic organizations of different areas of human auditory cortex revealed by simultaneous magnetic and electric recordings. J. Electroenc. Clin. Neurophysiology. 94, 26-40.
  • Elbert T, Flor H, Birbaumer N, Knecht S, Hampson S,Taub E (1994). Extensive reorganization of the somatosensory cortex in adult humans after nervous system injury. Neuroreport. 5, 2593-2597.
  • Keil A, Müller MM, Ray WJ, Gruber T, Elbert T (1999). Human gamma band activity and perception of a gestalt. J Neuroscience. 19(16), 7152-7161.
  • Elbert T, Candia V, Altenmuller E, Rau H, Sterr A, Rockstroh B, Pantev C, Taub E (1998). Alteration of digital representations in somatosensory cortex in focal hand dystonia. Neuroreport. 16;9(16), 3571-3575.
  • Mühlnickel W, Elbert T, Taub E, Flor H (1998). Reorganization of auditory cortex in tinnitus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Aug 18. 95(17), 10340-10343.
  • Pulvermüller F, Genkinger B, Elbert T, Mohr B, Rockstroh B, Taub E (2001). Constraint-Induced therapy of chronic aphasia following stroke. Stroke. 32, 1621-1626.
  • Elbert T, Rockstroh B (1987). Threshold regulation : A key to the understanding of the combined dynamics of EEG and event-related potentials. J. Psychophysiology. 1, 317-333.